Albeit the situation all along the 3488 km Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China is stable, there has been no de-escalation of PLA forces from the border since Beijing tried to unilaterally change the ground situation in May 2020 in East Ladakh. While the Indian opposition parties are trying to provoke the Modi government into some misadventure with China, the Indian Army is all prepared for any emergency with its plans in case of a worst-case scenario.
Among India, Australia and Japan, Indo-Pacific is one of the main agendas with expansion of Chinese Navy and its intermediate-range conventional and nuclear missile arsenal a main concern. Over the years, Chinese strategic surveillance ships are consistently mapping the Indian Ocean bed and the Lombok and Ombi-Vetar ingress routes to South China sea as the nuclear or conventional submarines have to surface if crossing into Indian Ocean via Sunda or Malacca Straits from South China Sea. The Lombok and Ombi-Vitar channels, close to Australia, are deep enough to handle submarines without the surfacing requirement.
While India, Australia and Japan have a logistics agreement and are part of the Malabar naval exercises, the military cooperation between India and Japan will only deepen if Tokyo sheds its pacifist doctrine and decides to share advanced military technology such as lithium-ion technology for diesel attack submarines with New Delhi. Given the geographical locations of the three countries, close defence cooperation will enforce mutual security and act as a deterrent to the expansionist forces in the Indo-Pacific.
Source- Hindustan Times.